Pictures/Journal - page 17

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Waiting for weather window in Houston/Kemah




Rat line extending from deck to 1st spreader, secured to shrouds

Waiting on Deborah's dental work and then a suitable weather window gave us plenty of time to get things just so on ARGO.  We had a rat line made for our port side - a rat line is a ladder made of rope with wood rungs that is lashed to our shrouds, the ladder extending from deck to the first spreader - which we (Steve) will climb to aid our visibility when maneuvering in shallow waters and between reefs, of which there will be plenty where we are headed.  We also acquired headsets that operate hands-free duplex mode so we can communicate more clearly while not only up in the rat lines, but while setting or bringing up the anchor.  Anchor duty for most cruising couples is typically done with hand signs (or rude gestures) and in loud voices (or cursing shouts), entertaining other cruisers in the anchorage.  So now we can at least give the appearance of being more civilized!  Actually, the headsets have made it a much more pleasant experience for both of us.

We provisioned the boat well, stocking the freezer full.  We had been told that Belize is expensive, so don't plan on buying much there.  We'll wait until Guatemala.  As beer, wine and liquor can be expensive at times, we loaded up on 11 cases of beer, and wine and various other spirits.  As we didn't want lots of bottles of wine unsecured on the boat for the crossing, and since there are now decent boxed wines on the market, we acquired boxed wines, took the bladders out of the boxes and stowed the bladders behind the settee - this worked perfectly as this is an odd shaped area and the bladders conform to it's shape and size - in one small locker we have 7 bladders stowed - the equivalent of 28 bottles!  In all, we left with the equivalent of 100 bottles of wine on board. 

Jerricans, always a sign of a true cruiser -  water, gasoline (for outboard), diesel

We now know more than we did when we left the first time:  What we used or needed vs. what we thought we would use or need.  We left behind the WonderWash (salad-spinner type washing machine), pressure cooker (we bought too big and stowed it where it was too hard to get to), porcelain dishes (only broke one but still had to be careful), a lot less clothing (don't need much), and Deborah sacrificed her much-loved live plants - during passage they rode on the gimballed stove or in the galley sink (always in the way) or at anchor they needed their light so sat under the dodger (always in the way).  No-maintenance silk plants were substituted.  We added an iPod (which meant taking off a couple hundred CDs and freeing up space), took a 2nd laptop and more computer stuff, more exercise stuff for Deborah, the heavy-duty electric massager (sore backs), and more spare parts and tools - "you can never have enough tools" the guys say.  We also had Quantum (Jocelyn Nash in their San Francisco loft) make us an asymmetrical spinnaker and friend Jose gave us training on it.  This huge sail, which has more square footage than all the rest of our sails combined (1,400 sq. ft) will only be used in light air.  Sure wish we had had it coming across the Gulf of Mexico last year!





MARCH 20 - MARCH 27, 2006:   

After waiting 3 weeks on ARGO in the marina for a weather window in Houston, it was time to leave on the tail end of a cold front, with a second cold front to follow a few days later.  The reason:  Our course to Isla Mujeres, Mexico (near Cancun) was on a southeast course, and north/northeast winds would give us a nice ride down, beam or broad reaching.  We let the cold front just pass (as it tends to bring squally weather on the leading edge)  and headed out with blue skies and cool northerly winds.  We had met s/v Tantalus (Brits Noel & Nicola), who were also heading to Mexico, at our marina the week before and discussed weather and sailing strategies down the Yucatan Channel with them.  They left the same day and we remained in radio contact the first couple of days.  As usual, leaving Galveston's jetties and dodging our way through the various safety fairways (it's like 5 spokes on a wheel coming together), safety anchorage, rigs/platforms and big ship traffic was somewhat stressful.  Twenty-four hours later we were pretty much clear of the fairways and just had to keep an eye out for any traffic, coming from any direction.  To give you an idea how busy it was, Deborah was busy watching the radar and everything made sense.  Once we were clear of all the congestion, the radar wasn't making sense anymore.  Weird.  Soon enough Steve realized that somehow the radar had gotten reset to a "north-up" orientation, instead of the "heads-up" orientation we always use.  How in the world we didn't get run over we're not sure.  Another little lesson learned. 

On the 2nd day out, after downloading weather, getting weather updates via email from Houston friend Jose, getting a message relayed to us from Tantalus, and getting a weather report from a nearby ship, we confirmed that a big bad-ass cold front was heading our way (much stronger than originally predicted): 25 knot winds (which we know really means 30) and 12 - 15 ft. seas!  The winds we can handle, but the seas had us concerned.  Getting cross to a big wave can be bad news.  At that point, Deborah had a brief meltdown (5 minutes of crying) as she vividly recalled her 1986 winter passage from Houston to Cozumel in which she got into a really bad storm with 15 - 18 ft. seas --- a mini Perfect Storm.  At the time she was too young and naive to realize how serious the situation was.  Anyway, back to real-time reality. After analyzing our weather data further, we decided we might be able to avoid the worst of the conditions if we headed due east, where seas were predicted to be only 10 - 12 ft.  And so for a day we headed due east as best as possible while still sailing.  (We had another very good reason to stall our arrival at the Yucatan Channel:  A very strong current runs north through the Yucatan Channel.  When northerly winds, i.e. a cold front, blows through, the south-bound winds meet the north-bound current head on, creating huge, abrupt waves and dangerous sea conditions, known as "square waves".  We wanted to avoid that, and thus another day out to allow seas to calm down was just fine with us.)  We readied the boat assuming worst case:  Made sure EVERYTHING was securely stowed away, floorboards and lockers locked, packed a second but supplemental ditch bag with computer backup hard drive and other semi-important things.  I remember my Girl Scout days - Always Be Prepared.

Her nice, buoyant ass delivers a comfortable ride

After the pleasant lull before the storm (took showers, nice hearty meal, got some sleep, shortened sail), winds started to pipe up.  A day later increasing following seas ensued.  Winds steadied at 30 knots, gusting to 39, and seas reached 12 ft. with an occasional 12++ footer; however, the wave period (time between each wave crest) was 7 seconds, so what we experienced were really big sea swells, but not the wall-of-water breaking waves of Perfect Storm fame.  Although one could still get into trouble with these big swells, we adjusted our speed by adjusting our sails - broad reaching under reefed staysail alone -  to give us steerage and just let the waves slowly go by under us.  Our auto pilot handled it fine and we didn't loose any wine bottles to breakage.  (Incidentally, we turned our auto pilot on when we left the Houston marina and didn't turn it off until we entered Isla Mujeres.)  Also, our Valiant has what is called a North Sea tumble-home stern (sometimes mistaken for a canoe stern) which has a lot of reserved buoyancy and thus handles a following or quartering sea in great comfort.

One little oversight lead to a stack of laundry: Before leaving, Deborah checked all the hatches and ports to make sure everything was closed and locked and they were.  Only one little problem.  The forward most hatch (the one that takes the brunt of the waves) which has a security cable (we use in high risk areas so the hatch can only be opened a few inches thus keeping someone from climbing in at night) had gotten caught under the seal, thus leaving a small place for water to come through.  Discovered a day later, the v-berth quilt, sheets, mattress pad, and some pillows were partially wet with salt water.  Considering all the blue water we were taking over the bow, we were surprised there wasn't more water below.  Nothing that a few loads of laundry can't fix, but another lesson learned.

Taking a well-deserved nap on the dinghy   (carried up-side-down on foredeck)

Back on course for Isla Mujeres, we had favorable winds to get us to the Campeche Bank off the Yucatan Peninsula.  Within striking distance of Isla Mujeres, it was a gamble if we could get in (through the reefs) before dark, so decided to take a lay day of sorts, and literally drifted with the 2 knot current toward our destination.  A cool and beautiful day and no traffic, we lazed around, drank Bloody Mary's, listened to Sunday morning jazz (XM radio), read, cleaned up the boat and wound down, ready for our last night out.  Another reason to delay our arrival until Monday was that we then would not have to pay overtime fees to clear in to customs and immigration - always worth considering as overtime fees can sometimes be hefty.  During the night, a large boat approached us from miles away showing constant red and green lights (that means its heading straight for us), as we kept changing course (now under high rpm motor power) it kept following us.  We finally slowed down and let it "sniff" us out, and eventually it left us without any radio contact - or warning shots fired.  We guess it was the Mexican Navy taking a peek.  Anyway, always disconcerting when it happens at night. 

With the exception of a couple of days, we had a decent passage and only had to run the engine for 38 hours.  The air was cool and dry, and with the gentle rocking of the sea swells produced excellent sleeping conditions, and a quarter moon and stars aided the night watchman while enjoying our XM radio.  One night Deborah was on watch and suddenly saw a big ship directly off the bow, looming large and close.  Where did that come from so suddenly, she wondered.  She called Steve to come up "now" to confer on a course.  Steve popped up straight away and realized it was the quarter moon rising on the horizon.  Boy, it sure looked like a ship.  It's amazing all the things you start to "see" when on night watch.

We arrived in Isla Mujeres just after sunrise via the north entrance (enter through/over these reefs only in calm conditions) after 7 days - our longest passage to date.  What this also means is that we just had 7 ZD days - this, of course, means "zero dollar" days and gives a boost to our cruising budget.       

Incidentally, knowing that the Gulf Stream runs fast and strong north through the Yucatan Channel, then curves east along the north coast of Cuba towards Florida, our Plan B, if we were not able to make Mexico due to weather conditions or fuel shortage, was to ride the Gulf Stream to Florida.  On board we carried a full set of charts for Florida and surrounding area, and the Gulf coast, too, just in case.  We carry 135 gallons of diesel in tanks and another 15 gallons on deck in jerricans - with this we can motor constantly for about 7 days straight.  This passage was 745 n. miles, compared to our return trip last May of 687 n. miles, the difference being a day of easting this time to avoid the higher seas.



How do we get our WEATHER when underway?  We normally get all our weather via the SSB radio.  We download various text messages + graphic grib files via HAM Winlink catalogs/emails; download NOAA wind and wave 24/48/72 hours graphic weather faxes at specified times using JVComm32 software; check into the  area's net, in this case it was the NW Caribbean Net  (6209 USB, 1400 UTC).  On this crossing, Houston friend Jose was checking weather and giving us routing advice and recommendations by email; and we also got weather forecasts from a commercial ship.


So what's in a DITCH BAG?  Our commercial purpose-made waterproof ditch bag includes a disposable camera (if your boat is sinking take pictures 'cuz it'll help you sell your book later), emergency equipment (e.g., GPS, flares, flashlights, signaling mirror, airhorn, whistle, solar blanket), first aid / hygiene / sun protection (e.g., antibiotics, pain and sea sickness meds, bandaids/wraps, sunscreen, hats, sunglasses, toothbrush/soap), survival (e.g., handheld watermaker, ziplock bags (for water, personal waste), food items, fishing leader / line / hooks / gloves / cutting board, reading glasses, paper/pens, etc.  Yep, all the above, and more, is in that yellow bag.  There are also very basic items in the life raft.  On the way out, we need to grab the EPIRB and handheld VHF.  If there's time, then more water, $, first aid kit, boat papers, external / backup hard drives (yeh), binoculars, extra signal / flare canister,  shoes .  .  .


Do we get SEA SICK?  Steve does not.  Deborah hasn't been sick in over 20 years, but sometimes may feel a little bit tentative.  What I, and other cruisers swear by, is the generic drug Cinnarizin, sometimes known as Stugeron (Europe).  It is not available in the U.S., but is available pretty much every place else we've been over the counter, and is cheap.  It has no side effects that I've experienced or heard of.  Ginger - ginger ale, ginger snaps, anything with ginger - is also effective for milder cases.


For SAFETY at SEA during passages we have a few rules we strictly abide by.  Safety harnesses are always worn at night and in rough weather, and are always tethered to the boat when in the cockpit.  If someone has to go forward at night or in rough weather, the other person must be topside.  We have jack lines (flat webbed line that you clip your harness tether onto that then allows you to go forward, your clip sliding on the line with you) that run the full length of the boat on both sides.  We always log our position (latitude & longitude) every 2 hours (or more frequently in heavy weather or thunderstorms) along with our heading, course and speed over ground, set/drift, wind speed/direction and anything else of interest.  We typically use navigation software on the computer, but we always have hard copy charts and will plot our position and course on them as appropriate.  We always run radar at night, but if in a very low traffic area may put on standby to conserve power.  We attempt daily to download weather, and check into a cruisers net on the SSB radio to give our position, and usually have another contact/boat to check in with on the SSB.  We curtail our adult beverage consumption to a drink at happy hour, maybe a beer at lunch in calm conditions, nothing in bad weather.  And yes, someone is always on watch.  (We hear stories of cruisers going down below to sleep and leaving the unattended boat sailing through the night!  Single-handers typically sleep in the cockpit and have a timer or alarm that goes off every 15 minutes or so.  We had a near head-on collision one night (years ago) - neither VHF radio nor air horn woke the boat up - suppose he could have been dead.)


What's our WATCH SCHEDULE when making a passage?  This is a common question.  Well, we don't have one.  Yes, while someone is always on watch, it's loose during the daytime and we take turns napping or working below.  At night, it's usually not a problem as one of us is usually wide awake, the other sleeps.  The sleeping person sleeps until wakes up, or the watch person gets tired.  In rough weather or heavy traffic, both of us may be on watch together.  But if there's ever a question about traffic or impending bad weather or sails need adjusting it's understood you wake the other person, and we do.  By the way, the off-watch person sleeps in the aft cabin, which has a "pizza window" so it's easy to hear/ see/ communicate on what's happening topside.   


 WESTERN CARIBBEAN / CENTRAL AMERICA:  Our new cruising ground






First order of business: Margarita y cerveza muy frio, ceviche, tacos on the beach . . . ahhhhh

MARCH 27 - APRIL 9, 2006: 

On our way back to Houston last year, we stopped here for a couple of days so we were already familiar with the island and clearing-in procedures.  However, we are now allowed to clear ourselves in without having to use an agent (saves us US$150), but hurricane Wilma wiped out the Bank or something so we had to take the fast and inexpensive ferry to downtown Cancun to pay the Port Captain fees.  Two days work and we're now legal in Mexico and ready to explore.




North point of island resort

Waiting for the return ferry, a respectable local approached us about visiting a resort time-share deal on Isla Mujeres.  Knowing how those things usually go (we had a bait 'n switch on the promised gift in St. Maarten) we showed no interest until he sweetened the deal, we couldn't refuse.  What we do have is time, so what the heck, could be an adventure.  At the least we can tour a nice resort that we wouldn't have done otherwise.  The next day we walk to the resort - it's on it's own little island surrounded by beautiful turquoise waters and manicured beaches - connected to Isla Mujeres by a wee bridge.  We had a pleasant, low-pressure tour from a nice Canadian lady and others who seemed more interested in our cruising lifestyle than in selling us something that we couldn't use now.  In the end, we left with:  Full lunch with beer and margaritas, golf cart rental for 24 hours, our previous day ferry trip refunded in cash, a large bottle of tequila and of Kahlua, and a Mexican blanket.  So, after 7 ZD days, and now this, the budget is really looking good!!!

Isla Mujeres is an island situated across from Cancun.  It's hard to tell what is hurricane Wilma damage and what is in a normal state of progress here, it's not obvious.  Although we did not go there, we hear that Cancun's hotel zone was really hit hard, wiping out whole plazas and structurally damaging hotel towers.  We took our free golf cart and explored the entire island - 5 x 1/2 miles - ending up at the taco stand under the little stadium.  We had eaten there last year - tables outside, great menu, a tasty taco bar with all the right fixin's, cheap, and now they even serve beer! 

Not your typical tourist, this "boat" had just arrived from Cuba; note the wiring.

Cancun is supposedly the 2nd hottest vacation spot after Paris, sure spring breakers help those stats.  Isla Mujeres is a day trip for the Cancun vacationer, or the final destination for others.  Either way, the island is full of pasty white people with splotches of bright red.  Golf carts are the preferred method of transportation, with scooters, rental cars and taxis next.  The islanders are quite tolerant, and protective, of their revenue source, as they always give the right of way on the road to the tourist.  Wise.  Isla Mujeres is also a crossroads for cruisers going to/from Texas and Florida, and places south.   

What's a typical day(s) like (after spending 2 days clearing in, and another day touring and getting our freebies)?  Steve always starts the day with 1)  the local net for the anchorage, if there is one, 2) the NW Carib net or whatever is appropriate for our area, 3) download over SSB our e-mail including text message and grib file weather, and 4) download weather faxes if deemed necessary; Deborah played Betsy Ross mending our USA and Texas flags (flogged mercilessly in the high winds); after we realized our ATM cards (our only source of $) were expiring in 3 days we had to figure out where the replacement cards were, have then sent by FedEx and then activate them (activation alone took a couple of hours trying to find a phone that would work on the designated 1-800 number); get cash / local currency; again;  take laundry in; pick laundry up; find internet to check hotmail, attempt to cancel Verizon cell phone that should work here but doesn't; call Verizon by phone to cancel and

Doing the Betsy Ross thing

haggle with person who wants to assess cancellation fees contrary to our agreement; buy more wine ($5 for decent stuff); buy 5 more cases of beer (Sol local beer, good; yes we still have beer on board from Houston); provision with fresh produce mostly; jerrican diesel from fuel dock to boat (15 gallons at a time, 3 trips); send mail back with a cruiser flying back to USA; copy waypoints from s/v Tantalus from their entire cruising guide; get a list of waypoints from another cruiser; pull up anchor and recalibrate our B&G instrument's compass by doing a couple of 360's (required consulting the instruction book first - who do you think did this - Steve or Deb?); read, plan. plot and input waypoints for the route to our next destination, Chinchorro Bank (an atoll); fix leak in head - Steve squeezed silicone around piston cartridge, quick 'n easy fix, let's see if that works; rig part for broken shackle used for guy lines for whisker pole; figure out strange sound coming from watermaker - this was actually an easy fix without having to tear the entire system apart (but didn't last); change some annoying settings on the radar, The Cap'n nav software, and VHF (some of this required reading the instruction manuals- ooooh - who do you think did this - Steve or Deb?); clear out of Mexico.  And of course there was a cruiser pot luck dinner, where we met many new cruisers (this is a new cruising area for us) and several boats from Texas.  Unless they're headed back to the States, we'll probably see most of them on the Rio Dulce river, Guatemala, in a few months for hurricane season.

After a week in Isla, we take off for a 2-night passage south towards Chinchorro Bank, an atoll lying 18 miles offshore Mexico.  Chinchorro Bank, and 3 atolls offshore Belize, are the only true atolls located in the northern hemisphere and are said to resemble those of the South Pacific.  Our passage will eventually take us across the Yucatan Channel and around Cozumel, where the north-flowing current can attain speeds up to 5 knots!  For a sailboat, even with a motor, this can be almost impossible to make headway.  Our plan was to sail close to shore (but not too close at night due to reefs) and catch the countercurrent flowing south.  The winds were good, but unfortunately backed to the north soon enough, forcing us to fall off the shelf and within minutes we were caught up in the strong current north.  We went to plan B and decided to sail east, cutting just north of Cozumel's far-reaching bank.  We saw just over 4 knots of current against us for a while, but were able to make a few knots headway, albeit in lumpy, confused seas as the current funnels around Cozumel.  Eventually, we're out of the mainstream and conditions settle down.  A perfect lemon-wedge moon presented itself during the night. 

Atoll Chinchorro Bank, Mexico:  Inside the reef, looking at Cayo Norte

We arrive at Chinchorro Bank after sunrise navigating between the 2 reefs, where the only boat is s/v Tantalus, our Brit friends from Houston + 3 crew.  The atoll is 26 x 9 miles big, with 4 small cays located inside.  The only inhabitants, the Mexican Navy with a small base onshore Cayo Norte, are diving for conch as we anchor in 12 ft. of clear turquoise water.  Over lunch and blender drinks, Tantalus tells us to expect the Navy's visit at sunset, as for them the Navy boys (one  dressed in a uniform) pulled up to their boat and all 5 came aboard with 3 automatic weapons.  They were very friendly and polite, filled out the obligatory paperwork shuffle, then presented them with a Customer Satisfaction Survey - kind of hard not to rate their service "excellent" when they're standing over you with machine guns!!!  Our experience was similar at sunset sans the machine guns - maybe only 2 people on board made the difference.  Tantalus left that evening and we stayed 3 nights alone waiting for the winds to simmer down a little before making another night passage to Belize.  Deborah worked on her required 40 hours of CPA continuing professional education due soon and more flag mending; Steve read and drank beer and did guy boat stuff.      

We depart Chinchorro Bank, Mexico mid afternoon for an overnight sail to Belize.  Winds lighten up at night and the iron genoa (engine) is required part time.  Midnight brings threatening weather and backing winds to the north causing confused seas.  Our timing again, is spot on arriving at the reef after sunrise.  At this point since leaving Houston, we've done more sailing at night than during daylight, but from here on out it'll be day hops down to the Rio Dulce.




(click map to enlarge, see our route and Monkey Bay Marina at bottom)



AREA: About the size of Massachusetts
LANGUAGE: English (official),  Garifuna (Indian),  Spanish,  Creole
MONEY: Belize dollar   US$1 = BZ$2
INDUSTRIES: Agriculture ("yellow gold" bananas), fishing, tourism


BRIEF  HISTORY:  In the 16th century Spain claimed possession of Belize but found no reason to develop it.  The area became a hangout for pirates waiting for gold-laden Spanish galleons to pass by or shipwreck on the reefs, later switching to exporting Belize's mahogany to Europe.  In the late 1700's, British forces delivered Belize from Spanish rule, thus it's English language and customs.  It later became known as British Honduras and in 1981 became the independent nation of Belize.  However, Guatemala has never fully recognized this fact and as recently as 1994 renounced it's claim on Belize.  Things settled down in 2001 only to flare up again over border disputes.  It is not unusual now to see a map of Guatemala that includes the Belizean land as part of Guatemala or the notation "Border Not Definite", or a travel guide that fails to list Belize as one of Guatemala's bordering neighbors !

Belize 's official language is English, although due to the ethnic mix other languages are spoken.  The largest part of the population is Creole, descendants of African slaves and Europeans (British pirates), speaking their own English dialect.  A third of the population are mestizos, a mixture of Indian and European.  About a tenth of the population is Garifuna Indians, a mixture of Carib Indian-African descent having been brought in by the British around the 1800's from St. Vincent (E. Caribbean).  About 20 percent are Maya and Ketchi Indians from Mexico, speaking Spanish or their own language.  In the 1950's Mennonite farmers, a German-speaking religious sect originating from Switzerland, settled in Belize and are the primary producers of fruits, vegetables and dairy products.  Within the last couple of years, sizable oil reserves have been found on their property and storage tanks now constructed near Placencia.  A few shipments have recently gone south to Panama for refinement and distribution.


APRIL 10, 2006 - MAY 8, 2006 :  

Robinson Point Cay, our first stop in Belize

Belize is bordered by a large barrier reef, 2nd in size to Australia's great barrier reef, which lies in excess of 10 miles off the mainland coast.  Inside the reef, hundreds of small cays are scattered all over, some populated, and depths are generally quite shallow.  ARGO draws 6'4", more than the average cruising sailboat, which will prohibit us from certain areas.  North of Belize City, which lies halfway down Belize's coast and is termed by many as the arm pit of Central America, it is very shallow and we prefer not to tempt fate just yet as there are plenty of other areas for us to explore.  Names like Porto-Stuck help reinforce that notion.  We enter through the reef just south of Belize City via their marked zig-zagging main ship channel and find refuge from the north winds at Robinson Point Cay.  Next day, south to Blue Ground Range, with is numerous cays and cuts, of which only one is deep enough to enter.  After much back-and-forth (both with the boat and verbally), trying to visually confirm and make sense of the waypoints we had, we ventured through the narrow 8 ft. deep cut into the deep, lovely lagoon, surrounded by several cays.  As we went in, we marked our own waypoints and used them in reverse the next day to leave. 

What are WAYPOINTS?  A waypoint is a geographical position on the globe defined with exact latitude and longitude coordinates.  The GPS (Global Positioning Satellite) has made the use of waypoints for navigating commonplace, and cruisers share theirs routinely.  However, we are ultimately responsible for our own navigation and therefore use data from others to help supplement what we have and to form our own opinions and routes.  Waypoints are punched into the GPS' memory and recalled as needed, or saved to memory on the fly.  A string of waypoints creates a "route".  For example, we have created a route going into an anchorage; we have then used the route in reverse order to leave an anchorage in the dark for a night passage.  We would only do this where waters are deep, not in reef strewn areas.   


At anchor in Placencia, Belize

We arrived in Placencia, Belize (a port of entry) on Wednesday before Easter.  Fellow Texan Hal, s/v Griffin, who we met last year in Isla Mujeres, have kept in touch with since and did daily SSB check-ins with during our passage, is here.  We've brought him a bunch of boat projects (stuff he requested from the States).  He advises us not to check into customs/immigration until after Easter.  As is typical in the Caribbean, the locals take 4+ days off for Easter.  To clear in we have to take ARGO up a river and anchor off the big ship port wharf, dinghy ashore, and taxi around to the 3 agencies.  Fortunately everybody was in a good mood coming off the long holiday weekend (we fibbed saying we had just arrived in Belize the day before):  We weren't assessed some expected fees; only got a lecture when we told the agricultural guy we had bought fresh produce in town the day before (he waived his right to inspect our boat saying he'd have to throw all the produce out as he wouldn't know where it had come from (our taxi guy had forgotten to warn us before hand); and were told by customs we did not have to bring ARGO back when we clear out (contrary to what other cruisers have been told - we got the guy's name).  In general, they are pretty lenient here; in some other countries, they know every boat and when it comes and goes and are very strict about clearing in immediately after dropping the hook.

Placencia is a small peninsular village, good for tourist trade with bungalows along the long crescent-shaped beach and a Moorings charter boat base (mostly catamarans).  There's a side walk that runs a mile through the middle of the village, a paved road that runs along the other side of the peninsula, and the rest is course-sand.  The port here can handle one large freighter or 2 smaller ones at a time.  A weekly shipment of Belize's "yellow gold" on a large container ship takes green bananas to ripening warehouses elsewhere.  Oil has recently been discovered in Belize and to date 4 tanker's full of crude have gone to Panama for refining and oil storage facilities have been built next to the Placencia port.  Presently, there are 15 - 20 cruising boats in this anchorage, 7 of which are from Texas.  Almost all are headed for the Rio Dulce, Guatemala for hurricane season.  Just as Puerto La Cruz, Venezuela was a long-term home base for many cruisers, we're finding out so is the Rio Dulce - met one boat yesterday who has been going there for 5 seasons, many others for 2 or 3 seasons.  We are really looking forward to our stay there.

Today's boat project:  Electrical


As mentioned before, things are relatively expensive here, so we mostly buy fresh produce, not that we really need anything else.  Fuel is between US$4 - $5.  As we have plenty of fuel on board, and as we want to the raise the waterline before crossing the Rio Dulce bar, we will not buy any fuel until we're ready to leave the Rio Dulce next season.  We've enjoyed a great authentic Italian dinner out and some local cuisine, done laundry, internet, more CPE, website update.  The boat project du jour has centered around the water maker, first making an unbecoming noise and then completely shutting down production.  The various project fixes were first a pressure valve adjustment (mechanical), then a fried relay (electrical) (got fixed by scraping the burnt stuff off and reinstalling, but did buy a spare from the Moorings), air leak with the 50 micron filter (plumbing), and as of today it's running much smoother with crossed fingers - and we don't mention it by name.  It's funny how we don't panic over these type things like we did the first time out.  (Again, I keep forgetting to take "boat project" pictures!)  Lesson learned: always try the easiest things first.


Lesson learned:  Always try the EASIEST things FIRST.   Our first year out.  One day the fresh water stopped flowing.  Our nifty Wema gauge showed plenty of water in the tank.  The fresh water pump was making a bunch of noise, so the pump had died.  Although a mild pain-in-the-ass to get to, Steve changed out the water pump.  Still no water.  Hmmm.  Bad new pump?  Maybe it's electrical (a new area for us newbies) and some component got fried.  Steve calls Bob (s/v Sunrise) and Tim (s/v Merlin) over to ARGO and they consult at length over a few beers.  When they finally stopped talking and started looking - lo and behold - there was no water in the water tank.  Duhhh.  The gauge's floater had gotten hung up inside the tank.  There was no problem and the pump had been unnecessarily replaced. 

We've had another potential boat problem rear it's ugly head.  Long story short, we experienced various grinding noises with our engine on our way back to Houston last year.  Although we could not duplicate the noise (surprise, surprise) Valiant factory assessed the probable culprit as a improperly installed Spurs line cutter (done in Trinidad) and a bad cutlass bearing, which were both remedied.  Leaving Houston last month, we again hear the noise a few different times, and by process elimination decide it's not our [new] transmission nor the engine, leaving us with the shaft or prop areas.  Soliciting input from the net, we got lots of it.  At this time, we think the cause has been the PSS Shaft Seal, which for unknown reasons goes dry and then makes the awful noise.  By burping the shaft seal each time before we start the motor, we have not heard the noise since.  Valiant has sent us specs to adjust it which may remedy the problem for good.  It's always unsettling having a perceived problem with the engine et al. 

As I finish editing this update, Steve, who went to town to buy a roasted chicken and a few fresh vegies, has just arrived back laden with 6 crates brimming with food and liquor.  Preparing to admonish him for spending money on stuff we really don't need in a place where things are more expensive, he quickly explains that he ran into a Moorings boat just returning from charter and they've given him all their extra stuff on board.  We used to do that when we chartered - overprovision on booze and food, then give it away to cruisers.  What goes around comes around.  Lots of liquor, mixers, case each of beer, tonic water and soda, lots of limes, onions, 8 packages of cheese (unopened), and lots of canned goods, pasta, condiments, etc.  Another boost for the budget!  Whew, maybe we should start making a practice out of hanging around charter bases!

After provisioning in Placencia, Belize, we plan a leisurely couple of weeks to get down to the Rio Dulce, cay-hopping south inside the barrier reef.  Our first stop is the National Park Laughing Bird Cay, a very small and narrow island named for laughing gulls that used to breed there.  The caretaker has sectioned off part of the island now and says the gulls are beginning to return to nest.  He also is very proud that he now has 4 lemon sharks (6'4" and the others 2 - 3 ft.) and a nurse shark living in the waters.  (We did not share his enthusiasm.)  The island is nicely landscaped with palm trees, conch shell bordered paths, cayucos (dugout canoes), picnic tables and thatched pavilion.  It's a day trip destination for visitors from the mainland.

Laughing Bird Cay, Belize


   ARGO at Ranguana

Our next stop was even more inviting: Ranguana Cay, a smaller island less than 100 yards long and 30 paces wide, situated right on the barrier reef itself.  It's covered in very tall palm trees, has 3 separate cabanas built up on stilts with private baths, and a little restaurant/bar, hammocks, thatched pavilion, picnic tables, long sand bar to show off the turquoise water and reefs great for snorkeling.  We met a couple from New York City who literally had the whole island to themselves at night - a true escape from their hectic working world.  One afternoon while relaxing on the cay, we hear somebody yelling, and look out to see some guy literally hanging from our bow pulpit (he must have skedaddled  up the anchor chain!).  Later he explains he saw a 9 ft. shark while snorkeling nearby.  We could have spent more time hanging out there, but after 3 days moved on.  As we're weighing anchor a very large dolphin swims past us .  .  .

Ranguana Cay, Belize

The Belizean cays for the most part are very low lying.  Hurricane Iris in 2001 was a direct hit on southern Belize and did considerable damage to Belize.  It is a wonder that some of these cays haven't disappeared completely, kind of like the old Red Fish island in Galveston Bay.


Now, as pointed out before, cruising isn't just about sitting around drinking cold cervezas, reading and stretching the



Happy as a clam .  .  .

toes on a pristine white sand beach.  There are boat projects - the cruiser who says he doesn't have any boat projects is lying.  In PART 1 of our cruising travels our website was deficient in showing the "other" side of cruising so we have vowed to try to be a little more realistic this time.  So, by the time we had made it to the southern boundaries of Belize, Steve had worked on the water maker several times (at right), ultimately bypassing one of the filters that was a habitual leaker (a water leak lets air into the system which then compromises it's integrity and negatively affects water production).   



As mentioned above, Steve had to adjust the PSS Shaft Seal to try to eliminate loud, unidentifiable grinding noises.  It required additional adjustments (at left) but now think the problem is finally resolved.  Notice in both pictures that stripping down tends to be the dress of choice when doing boat projects, and black underwear mandatory for oil changes (not shown).  Other boat projects entailed a repair job on the electric head unit (head works but the track for automatic operation broke); galley faucet leak (simple disassembly and reassembly solved that).  Other projects included completing our tax return and 40 hours of CPA CPE for Deborah.


CRUISING GUIDES for the Caribbean Central America area are scarce.  The cruiser's bible is Freya Rauscher's Cruising Guide to Belize and Mexico's Caribbean Coast Including Guatemala's Rio Dulce.  Unfortunately, the last edition was in 1996 so many things are out of date and she does not include waypoints, something that would be of enormous benefit, especially in the shallow reef strewn Belize.  However, cruisers create their own and share.  Some of her sketch charts are off in latitude/longitude as they're based on the original charts from the 1800's or whenever.  Another cruising guide (we made a mediocre copy), although it was published in 1991, is Nigel Calder's The Cruising Guide to the Northwest Caribbean (Yucatan to Honduras).  We hear Steve Pavlidis (who has done other cruising guides in the Caribbean) is currently working on a new guide for this area.  As far as TRAVEL GUIDES for inland exploration, there are numerous but we are using the Lonely Planet books which seem to be quite popular here.


We headed on to another island on the reef, Hunting Cay, a British outpost, and although owned by Belize encourages day visitors from nearby Guatemala and Honduras with no special paperwork. The next day we checked out the huge bay anchorage at New Haven on the mainland (would provide good protection in a big blow).  Tried our luck at fishing but only caught a barracuda that we let go.  Another day, attempted to anchor at Frenchman's Cay but didn't like the looks of the holding (rocks visible on narrow shelf then deep drop-off) so headed on to Cabo Tres Puntas, Guatemala.  We had cleared out of Belize 2 weeks earlier and had been told if stopped and questioned by Belizean authorities to simply say that we had "paused" along the way - not "stopped" - and they wouldn't have any problems.  We've learned to pretty much tell them what they want to hear and it's easier on everybody and they don't care.

Our first stop in Guatemala is at Cabo Tres Puntas.  The area is heavily covered with coconut palm trees and other lush vegetation.  There are nice houses and small resorts dotting the coast.  We wait here several days for our window to cross into the Rio Dulce .   .   .

Go to Next page for Guatemala.

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